Cost of Rearing 100 Layers in Nigeria 2024

The poultry business is getting more recognition these days and it is evident that many people are investing in it massively. It is either you raise poultry for eggs or for meat. This guide unravels the cost of rearing 100 Layers in Nigeria.

One of the most organized sectors in Nigeria is poultry. Poultry farming has increased drastically in recent years due to the high demand for chickens and egg consumption.

Both chicken and its egg are one of the most consumed products in Nigeria. This is simply because you will hardly come across a Nigerian who doesn’t like chicken meat or despises eating eggs made from chicken.

Additionally, no religion in Nigeria discriminates against the rearing of chickens as compared to other animals like pigs, goats and even cattle.

A recent statistical report revealed that the poultry sector has directly and indirectly employed about 1.5 million people. This makes it very interesting and hence we are going to explore the cost of laying 100 Layers in Nigeria.

It is important to understand that chickens are raised either as layers or broilers. Let’s quickly understand their differences

Difference Between Layers and Broilers

In poultry, broilers are reared to obtain meat whereas egg-laying poultry is called a layer. Broilers have a fast growth rate, therefore they need protein-rich food with sufficient fat. Layers need fewer proteins and fats in their food. Vitamin A and K are provided in larger quantities.

Again, the space required to raise broilers is larger than that of layers. Return on investment in broilers is faster while layers take a longer period.

In terms of demand, and marketing, layers are easily the most consumed alongside broiler chicken in Nigeria. The popularity transcends consumption and is best farmed for their egg production capacity. Layer chicken is economically viable because trillions of eggs are consumed in Nigeria daily. The demand for poultry eggs easily outways supply

Requirements For Rearing 100 Layers in Nigeria

A good layer chicken lays an average of 250 eggs a year. As a poultry business name, you must understand the requirements and strategies to run a successful poultry laying business that will provide a massive supply of eggs.

To understand the cost of rearing 100 layers in Nigeria, you need to consider the following requirements as you will be needing money for their availability.

1. Housing

Good housing is very essential for a poultry farmer. It is the first thing to set in place for starting a poultry business. The type of housing depends on the age of the bird.

A farmer can decide to start with day-old chicks and rear or purchase point of lay or old layers. Rearing day-old chicks is the most challenging route however the farmer is sure of the stock and outcome.

About to lay are best kept in battery cages while day old require housing, good ventilation, and heat units.

Cost of Day-Old Chicks in Nigeria

Day-old layer chicks cost from 400 to ₦500

Let us estimate the cost with the lower cost of 400. Therefore cost of 100 layers of chicken at 400 equals ₦40,000.

The cost of 500 chicks at 400 is 200,000.

  1. 100 birds 40, 000
  2. 500 birds 225, 000

2. Feeding Equipment

After setting up your poultry farm, you want to ensure there is adequate feeding equipment for feeds and drinking water.

Feeding equipment should be regularly cleaned and vaccinated and all times

3. Vaccination and Drugs

You can ensure adequate vaccination and drugs are given to your chicks to keep them healthy always. Without adequate vaccination, chicks may suffer from all kinds of poultry diseases ranging from Coccidiosis, Avian Influenza, Fowl Pox, and Newcastle Disease resulting in death and a gross loss in production.

The price of medication depends on the type, quality of administration and number of birds. Types of poultry medication are Glucose, antibiotics, and vitamins. Others are Lasota, Vitality (Vitalyte)., Gomboro, Anticocci (Embazin Forte)., Anticocci (Embazin Forte), Tylodox extra, Fowl pox

4. Cost of Feeds

The amount of feed depends on the number of layer birds. Layer chickens only lay when they feed, a drop in feeding will adversely affect egg production. Although they don’t need as much feed as broilers they eat huge amounts. In fact, feeding, water and sanitation are the labour aspects of layer chicken production.

There are different types of chicken feed, layer mesh, grower mesh and starter mesh. Starter mesh is for day-old chicks, a grower for meat production (broilers), and layer mesh for egg production. The price is a bag of layer mesh is about ₦5,000

5. Business Registration

Consider your poultry rearing as a business. It is very important to register your brand with the Corporate Affairs Commission. It will help you in projecting and positioning your business for growth.

Lastly, having a certified business will attract investors to your brand, and this will lead you to more business offers too.

Practical Cost of Rearing 100 Layers in Nigeria

Let’s look at a total breakdown of expenditure needed to raise 100 layers of chicks in Nigeria

Analysis for 100 layers

Price of chick 400

100 x 400 =₦40,000

The pullet doesn’t eat like broiler so they require 1.5kg for 4 weeks

1.5kg x 100=150kg

Lets take a division 150kg/25kg= 6 bags

From 4 to 8 weeks the quicks will feed or consume around 1.5kg to 1.7kg

But let’s use 1.5kg also

1.5kg x 100 chicks =150kg /25kg=6 bags

Chick Mash

Total of chick mash requires = 6+6 bags=12 bags of chick mash

Each feed mash cost = 3,500

12 bags x 3500= 42,000

From 9 to 16 weeks

They require 4kg of feed, i.e 2kg per 4 weeks it is not certain but also depends on the breed and the temperature

4kg x 100 birds weeks = 400kg/25kg =16 bags

Grower Mash

A bag of growers is 3,000 depending on the company’s feed

16 x 3,000 = 48,000

At 16 weeks many people will start using layer mash but it is advisable to continue the grower feed till 20 weeks of age.

Between 16 to 20 weeks they will consume 2kg also =2 x 100= 200kg/25kg = 8 bags

8 bags ₦3,000= 24,000


Total bag between 9 to 20 weeks =24 bags of grower at 3,000 =72,000

Total cost so far

Chick= ₦40,000

Chick mash = 48,000

Chick Grower = 72,000

Total = 160,000


For the drugs, the standard calculation = 160,00 x 5/100 = 8,000

The price of medication is 2000 for each month, we analysed for medication is 4 months.

For vaccination, the standard price for each bird is 6 per week, (Gumboro and Lasota only) for 100= 600 per week. For four weeks=600 x 4= 2,400

Some necessary vaccination for layers

koromorov at 6 weeks=750 for 100 birds

Fowl pox at 8 weeks 700 per 100 doses.

Deworming at 10 weeks 450

Debeaking at 12 weeks 20 per bird= 2,000

Komorov at 16 weeks 750 per 100 dose

Total cost for vaccination = 7,050

Total cost so far = 160,000 = 2,400 +7,050 = 169,450

It is expected that in the 21st week, the chicks should start laying eggs

Will expect 70 percent of the birds to be laying.

That is about 70 eggs per day

We have 70 egg /30 = 2.10 creates ( A create of egg in Nigeria now (May 2022 is 1,900) = 3,990 in a day

Feeding per day of layers

100 layers require 12.5kg of feed per day.

Note 25kg of layer =3,500 while half will be 1,750 per day

Profit per day will be =1,785 – 1575=210

In a month will have 210 x 30 = 6,300 per month

For A year of 12 months, the production usually rises and falls. Let’s forfeit a month to Maintain the production standard

6,300 x 12 = 75,600

Let say we have 5% mortality and we have 95 birds on the ground.

95 x 1200 =234,000 for spent layers.

The total profit = 234,000 – 140,090 = 93,910

This analysis makes not achieved if BIOSECURITY measures are not strictly followed.

Note: for every 6 weeks you do Lasota, which prevents Newcastle, and serve as an egg booster.

Medication should also be given at this age. E., Vitamins, antisocial, and antibiotics should be done at 6 weeks interval

Egg Booster For Layers in Nigeria

When chickens are not well fed, egg production will decrease. This is mostly caused by a lack of drinking water and low feed intake levels. Chickens tend to eat less when the feed is not tasty or when they are stressed due to environmental factors, especially when it gets too hot.

As a result of this, many egg-producing companies platonize egg boosters a lot to increase the yield of eggs in their poultry farms.

Atlas Egg Boost is formulated to support the optimum level of bird health while boosting the nutritional quality of eggs with an enhanced amount of required nutrients. It is important for use in chickens to meet the birds’ vitamin requirements. Indicated for increasing egg production in pullets and layers under stress.

Read Also:

Cost of Feeding 500 Catfish in Nigeria

High-Income Businesses that Pay Daily

Conclusively, the monthly cost of rearing 100 layers in Nigeria can not be the same for every farmer due to so many factors involved.

So the best cost estimate for your layers should be based on your analysis over time and on the number of layers you are rearing.

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